Hyperpigmentation of the facial skin
Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of an area of skin or nails caused by increased melanin. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by sun damage, inflammation , or other skin injuries, including those related to acne vulgaris. Many forms of hyperpigmentation are caused by an excess production of melanin. Melanin is produced by melanocytes at the lower layer of the epidermis. Melanin is a class of pigment responsible for producing colour in the body in places such as the eyes, skin, and hair.
A Dermatologist Explains How to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation: Treatment, types, and causes
When it comes to dark spot treatments , there are so many options out there that it can be hard to know where to start. What ingredients should you look for? And most importantly, which ones will get rid of dark spots for good? To answer these questions, SELF talked to several dermatologists to find out how they treat dark spots on the face. Because, as a beauty editor, my ultimate quest is to achieve flawless skin.
Treating sun spots or other dark patches on your skin can be a real battle, find your new holy grail product in our roundup. This can happen to men and women at any stage of their lives. There are three main types of hyperpigmentation: sun spots, which are most common in fair skin and appear from overexposure to the sun, often increasing with age. Melasma, which looks like dark brown or grey patches and is common within Mediterranean, Hispanic, Middle Eastern, North African and Asian communities, and tends to spread during pregnancy or when taking hormonal contraceptives.
Textbook of Aging Skin pp Cite as. Hyperpigmentation problems, such as postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, solar lentigos, and melasma, can occur across all skin types with aging. Basic understanding of the pigmentation process and of these skin problems has led to their management by attacking proven targets with proven technologies. To name just a few examples, tyrosinase inhibition, blocking melanosome transfer, inhibition of tyrosinase glycosylation, increasing tyrosinase turnover, and blocking inflammation are clinically demonstrated approaches using, respectively, kojic acid, niacinamide, N-acetyl glucosamine, hexyldecanol, and phytosterol.