Urinary retention is an inability to completely empty the bladder. Causes include blockage of the urethra , nerve problems, certain medications, and weak bladder muscles. Treatment is typically with a catheter either through the urethra or lower abdomen. Urinary retention is characterised by poor urinary stream with intermittent flow, straining, a sense of incomplete voiding , and hesitancy a delay between trying to urinate and the flow actually beginning. As the bladder remains full, it may lead to incontinence , nocturia need to urinate at night , and high frequency.
Chronic prostatitis: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
A third condition, prostatitis, flies under the radar even though it affects up to one in six men at some point in their lifetimes. It triggers more than two million visits to doctors and untold agony each year. Prostatitis, which means inflammation of the prostate gland, is an equal opportunity disorder. Unlike prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH , which predominantly affect older men, prostatitis affects men of all ages. Prostatitis refers to a loose assemblage of syndromes characterized by urinary problems such as burning or painful urination, the urgent need to urinate, trouble voiding, difficult or painful ejaculation, and pain in the area between the scrotum and rectum known as the perineum or lower back.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH is a noncancerous benign enlargement of the prostate gland that can make urination difficult. Usually, the diagnosis is based on results of a rectal examination, but a blood sample may be taken to check for prostate cancer. If needed, drugs to relax the muscles of the prostate and bladder such as terazosin or to shrink the prostate such as finasteride are used, but sometimes surgery is necessary.
The disease is developed in the prostate gland as the cells in the prostate start to grow out of control. Patients who suffer from prostate cancer often experience urinary problems either due to the condition or to the treatment itself. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube that transports urine from the bladder through the penis.