Individuals with disabilities are often assumed to be at lower risk, and thus face lower of HIV infection rates, than their non-disabled peers. They are believed to be asexual, less likely to use drugs or alcohol, and at a lower risk of violence or sexual assault than the general population. But a growing body of research shows that these assumptions are wrong-the HIV infection rate among people with disabilities is up to three times as high as people without disabilities. According to the United Nations, at least one in every ten people million individuals-live with a disability significant enough to make a difference in their daily lives.
Fact Sheet: HIV/AIDS and Disability | Human Rights Watch
More than thirty years after the first clinical evidence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was reported, AIDS has become one of the most devastating diseases humankind has ever faced. Since the epidemic began, more than 60 million people have been infected with the virus and nearly 30 million people have died of HIV-related causes. AIDS has become the sixth-largest cause of death worldwide. At the end of , an estimated In that year alone, there were an estimated 1.
This means that people who are HIV positive have some special rights and responsibilities. People with HIV infection are entitled to free essential treatment for HIV infection and assistance to avoid transmitting infection. Treatment includes doctor consultations, tests and medicines.
People who are HIV positive or have been diagnosed with Aids have the same rights as everyone else. Human dignity Everyone has the right to have their dignity respected and protected. A person or institution e. Education You have the same right as anyone else to basic or adult basic education. A school cannot refuse to educate you or your child because you have HIV or Aids.