From the 8th century b. By b. These kingdoms continued their fighting until b. His unification of China not only ended six centuries of wars but also started a centralized imperial system which was to last for over 2, years. After his father's death, Qin Shi Huang acceded to Qin's throne in b. He was only 13 years old.
Human Legacy Course/China's Qin Dynasty - Wikiversity
All rights reserved. China already had a long history by the time its states were unified under its first emperor. Settlements in the Yellow and Yangtze River Valleys had grown into an agricultural civilization. Between the fifth and third centuries B. The state of Qin, based in the Sichuan plains, eventually won out in B.
Qin was a kingdom in the north-west corner of China, a land of horse-rearing and bounty-hunting. Selective breeding meant that larger horses were now available, allowing soldiers to ride into war on horseback, liberating them from expensive, unwieldy chariots. The military might of the Qin was matched only by its brutality. One famous general, called Bai Qi, is reputed to have killed more than a million soldiers and seized more than 70 cities. After this battle he had more than , prisoners of war slaughtered by burying them alive.
The Qin Dynasty established the first empire in China, starting with efforts in B. The empire existed only briefly from to B. The Qin region was located in modern-day Shaanxi province, north of the Zhou Dynasty territory - Qin served as a barrier between it and the less civilized states above it. The capital of the Qin Dynasty was Xianyang, which was extensively enlarged after Qin dominance was established. Qin itself had been considered a backwards, barbarian state by the ruling Zhou Dynasty.