Female genital mutilation FGM is a procedure performed on a woman or girl to alter or injure her genitalia for non-medical reasons. It most often involves the partial or total removal of her external genitalia. However this term has been criticized as it can normalize the practice by drawing parallels with male circumcision without distinguishing its serious physical and psychological harm. In many of the countries where female genital mutilation is performed, it is a deeply entrenched social norm rooted in gender inequality.
What is FGM? Everything you need to know about female genital mutilation | The Independent
The World Health Organization WHO defines FGM as "all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. These are all terms used to refer to the practice of removing part of female genitalia for non-medical reasons:. How many types of FGM are there and what do the different procedures entail? They account for more than 85 percent of all procedures. In some cultures, FGM is used to initiate girls into adulthood and to ensure their marriageability. The WHO estimates that more than million girls and women globally have undergone this procedure.
Female genital mutilation FGM , sometimes called female genital cutting FGC or female circumcision, is the cutting or removal of all or a portion of the female genitals for cultural not medical reasons. There are different ways it is practiced according to the place or culture in which it is being done. The World Health Organization describes them in the following types: Type I Clitoridectomy : removal of part or all of the clitoris. Type II Excision : This is the most common form.