Receipt of Breast Milk by Gestational Age — United States, 2017
Receipt of Breast Milk by Gestational Age — United States, | MMWR
Every year, more than 20 million infants are born weighing less than 2. These low-birth-weight LBW infants are at increased risk of early growth retardation, infectious disease, developmental delay and death during infancy and childhood. Interventions to improve the feeding of LBW infants are likely to improve the immediate and longer-term health and well-being of the individual infant and have a significant impact on neonatal and infant mortality levels in the population. If these infants cannot be fed mother's own milk, they should be fed donor human milk in settings where safe and affordable milk banking facilities are available or can be set up or standard infant formula.
Cup-feeding for low-birth-weight infants unable to fully breastfeed
Background: The survival rates of preterm infants has increased over the last years, but oral feeding difficulties are the most common problems encountered by them. Objectives: This study aimed at comparing the effects of non-nutritive sucking NNS and pre-feeding oral stimulation on feeding skills, length of hospital stay and weight gain of weeks gestational age preterm infants in NICU, to determine the more effective intervention. Patients and Methods: Thirty-two preterm infants were assigned randomly into three groups. One intervention group received pre-feeding oral stimulation program and the other received non-nutritive sucking stimulation, while the control group received a sham intervention.
Dongli Song, et al. The key results include:. Song and the incredible team of neonatal researchers demonstrates that NICU infants can achieve better oral feeding outcomes and reduce time on feeding tubes with safe and effective interventional devices while complementing the expertise of neonatal care specialists.